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Rust-resistant wheat released for Central and West Asia

May 13, 2014

 

The new variety Yusufi was released in Tajikistan for 2014. Photo: Hafiz Mumidjanov

In 2013-2014, numerous new rust-resistant wheat varieties that are high yielding and broadly adapted were released in Central and West Asia as part of collaborative work by the International Winter Wheat Improvement Program (Turkey-CIMMYT-ICARDA) for winter wheat and CIMMYT for spring wheat. Partners from the region contributed in identification, selection and promotion of these new varieties, which will contribute to food security in this vulnerable region. Central and West Asia grow approximately 15 million hectares of winter wheat and fall-planted spring wheat. The region includes the countries with the world’s highest wheat consumption per capita, such as Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Most of these countries import wheat to satisfy increasing demand. Wheat is grown under both irrigated and rain-fed conditions. Yellow and leaf rusts are the main diseases reducing yield because farmers cultivate susceptible varieties.

Below are the new varieties:

Country Variety Institution Pedigree Cross ID Selection history
Afghanistan Bamiyan-013 ARIA-MAIL VORONA/KAUZ/4/URES/BBL//KAUZ/3/BCN TCI971315 -0SE-0YC-0YE-…
Azerbaijan Gizil Bugda Azeri Res. Inst. of Farming SAULESKU41/SADOVO1 TCI950295 -3AP-0AP-0E-1YE-0YE-1YM-0YM
Iran Tak-Ab Dryland Agricultural Research Institute MANNING/SDV1//DOGU88 TCI90038 -0YC-0YC-0YC-12YC-0YC
Iran Baran Dryland Agricultural Research Institute PTZ NISKA/UT1556-170//UNKNOWN TCI97AP -037-0AP-0MA- 1MA-0MA
Tajikistan Oriyon Tajik Res. Inst. of Farming ND/VG9144//KAL/BB/3/YACO/4/VEE#5 CM85836 n.a.
Tajikistan Yusufi Chilgazi Farm / Tajik Agrarian University SOROCA CMSS96Y02567S -040Y-020M-050SY-020SY-4M-0Y
Tajikistan Sarvar Chilgazi Farm / Tajik Agrarian University CHENAEGILOPS SQUARROSA (TAUS0//BCN/3/BAV92 CMSS95Y00539S -3Y-010M-010Y-010M-39Y-0Y-3M-0Y
Uzbekistan Bardosh SARA-NAV Seed Company SERI.1B//KAUZ/HEVO/3/AMAD CGSS97Y0021T -099TOPB-048Y-099M-099Y-099M-23Y-0B
Turkey Dinc GAP International Agric. Research and Training Center KAUZ/ PASTOR CMSS93B00025S -48Y-010M-010Y-010M-4Y-0M
Turkey Altın Başak East Mediterranean Agric. Research Inst. CHEN/AEGİLOPS SQUARROSA (TAUS)//BCN/3/2*KAUZ CMSS93B01856M 040Y-43Y-010M-010Y-010M-6Y-0M-1SA-0SA
Turkey Seri-2013 East Mediterranean Agric. Research Inst. WEAVER/4/NAC/TH.AC//3*PVN/3/MIRLO/BUC CMSS93B00223S 24Y-010M-10Y-10M-1Y-0M
Turkey Gökkan East Mediterranean Agric. Research Inst. KRICHAUFF/FINSI CMSA00M000204S 040POM-040Y-030M-30ZLM-12ZTY-0M-0SY
Turkey Tekin GAP International Agric. Research and Training Center WBLL1*2/TUKURU GGSSOOB00173T -099TOPY-099M-099Y-099M-1CEL-0B
Turkey Metin Sakarya Maize Research Station HATUSHA/MTG//TX81V6614 CMWW90M207 -0YC-0YC-0YC-5YC-0YC-1SE-0YC-3YC-0YC
Turkey Yakamoz East Mediterranean Agric. Research Inst. BL 1496/MILAN/3/CROC_1/AE.SQUARROSA (205)//KAUZ CMSS97M03600T -040Y-040M-020Y-030M-015Y-80M-3Y-2M-0Y
Turkey Sarı Başak East Mediterranean Agric. Research Inst. STOT//ALTAR 84/ALD/3/SNITAN CDSS99Y00619S 0M-0Y-14Y-0M-0Y-0B

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